New Mexico Supreme Court

The New Mexico Supreme Court is the State's highest court and final court of review (court of last resort). In addition to reviewing decisions of lower courts, the Supreme Court, as the head of the Judicial Branch of Government, has general administrative and supervisory authority over all State courts and attorney regulation. The Court has authority to discipline attorneys and judges for professional misconduct and unethical behavior.

The Supreme Court has jurisdiction to hear direct appeals in criminal cases in which the trial court imposed a life sentence or the death penalty or granted a petition for writ of habeas corpus, in all cases from the Public Regulation Commission, and election challenges. In its discretion, the Court may issue writs of certiorari, mandamus, prohibition, and superintending control. After a case is accepted by the Court, the parties submit written briefs that put forth the legal arguments and citations of authority to support those arguments. The records, proceedings, and exhibits from the trial court are reviewed at the same time as the briefs. Some cases are submitted to the Court on oral argument and some are submitted only on the briefs.

The work of authoring opinions is divided evenly and randomly among the five Justices. After a case is submitted to the Court, the Court first discusses the case before the assigned author drafts an opinion that will be circulated among the other Justices. Adoption of an opinion, decision, or order requires the votes of three members of the Court. In certain cases, a member of the Court may decide to file a specially concurring opinion or a dissenting opinion. It is the majority opinion of the Court, however, that determines the law of the case.

Judges

Authorships
Hon. Gary Clingman, Appointed/elected: 2018-04-06
2
Hon. Charles Daniels, Appointed/elected: 2007-10-01
72
Hon. Petra Maes, Appointed/elected: 1998-11-01
84
Hon. Judith K. Nakamura, Appointed/elected: 2015-12-05
19
Hon. Barbara J. Vigil, Appointed/elected: 2012-11-01
36

Opinions

Log in to see all opinions or send us an email to request a custom report.

Year Affirmed Reversed Affirm in part and reverse in part Dismiss Other disposition Grant Deny Public censure Disposition unknown Total
0 1 1 0
1998 1 (25%) 1 (25%) 2 (50%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 4
1999 13 (33%) 10 (25%) 7 (17%) (0%) 5 (12%) 1 (2%) 2 (5%) (0%) 1 (2%) 39
2007 1 (16%) 4 (66%) (0%) (0%) 1 (16%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 6
2008 17 (27%) 32 (51%) 6 (9%) (0%) 5 (8%) 2 (3%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 62
2009 11 (19%) 35 (62%) 5 (8%) 1 (1%) (0%) 3 (5%) 1 (1%) (0%) (0%) 56
2010 17 (34%) 25 (50%) 2 (4%) (0%) 4 (8%) 1 (2%) (0%) (0%) 1 (2%) 50
2011 5 (10%) 24 (52%) 7 (15%) (0%) 3 (6%) 7 (15%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 46
2012 11 (26%) 20 (48%) 7 (17%) (0%) 1 (2%) 2 (4%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 41
2013 12 (22%) 22 (41%) 7 (13%) 1 (1%) 2 (3%) 2 (3%) 2 (3%) 5 (9%) (0%) 53
2014 5 (14%) 21 (60%) 5 (14%) (0%) 2 (5%) 2 (5%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 35
2015 10 (25%) 21 (52%) 5 (12%) (0%) 1 (2%) 2 (5%) 1 (2%) (0%) (0%) 40
2016 14 (37%) 16 (43%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 37
2017 10 (37%) 10 (37%) 3 (11%) (0%) 2 (7%) 1 (3%) (0%) (0%) 1 (3%) 27
2018 9 (27%) 20 (60%) 2 (6%) (0%) (0%) 2 (6%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 33
Year Civil Criminal Admin Workers compensation Cyfd Prc Writ Certified question Disciplinary board Judicial standards Type unknown Total
0 1 1 0
1998 3 (75%) 1 (25%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 4
1999 11 (28%) 16 (41%) 2 (5%) (0%) (0%) 2 (5%) 3 (7%) (0%) 4 (10%) (0%) 1 (2%) 39
2007 2 (33%) 3 (50%) (0%) 1 (16%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 6
2008 22 (35%) 31 (50%) (0%) 2 (3%) (0%) (0%) 1 (1%) (0%) 2 (3%) 2 (3%) 2 (3%) 62
2009 13 (23%) 33 (58%) 3 (5%) 2 (3%) (0%) (0%) 3 (5%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 2 (3%) 56
2010 13 (26%) 27 (54%) (0%) 2 (4%) (0%) 2 (4%) 2 (4%) 3 (6%) 1 (2%) (0%) (0%) 50
2011 10 (21%) 21 (45%) (0%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 2 (4%) 8 (17%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) (0%) 46
2012 15 (36%) 18 (43%) 2 (4%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 4 (9%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 2 (4%) 41
2013 14 (26%) 21 (39%) 2 (3%) 2 (3%) (0%) 2 (3%) 6 (11%) 1 (1%) 3 (5%) 2 (3%) (0%) 53
2014 8 (22%) 13 (37%) 3 (8%) 2 (5%) 2 (5%) 2 (5%) 3 (8%) 1 (2%) (0%) (0%) 1 (2%) 35
2015 13 (32%) 18 (45%) (0%) 1 (2%) (0%) 2 (5%) 3 (7%) 2 (5%) (0%) (0%) 1 (2%) 40
2016 14 (37%) 16 (43%) (0%) 1 (2%) (0%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 2 (5%) 2 (5%) (0%) (0%) 37
2017 8 (29%) 15 (55%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 1 (3%) 1 (3%) (0%) 2 (7%) (0%) (0%) 27
2018 8 (24%) 17 (51%) 1 (3%) 1 (3%) 1 (3%) 1 (3%) 4 (12%) (0%) (0%) (0%) (0%) 33
Judge 0 1998 1999 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Total
Hon. Joseph F. Baca 5 5
Hon. Richard Bosson 1 19 14 11 8 10 14 5 12 94
Hon. Edward Chávez 2 9 15 8 12 10 17 8 10 10 10 4 115
Hon. Gary Clingman 2 2
Hon. Charles Daniels 5 5 7 7 7 7 11 6 8 2 7 72
Hon. Gene Edward Franchini 9 9
Hon. Petra Maes 1 11 13 11 9 3 7 7 6 3 2 11 84
Hon. Dan A. McKinnon, III 1 1
Hon. Pamela B. Minzner 2 12 14
Hon. Judith K. Nakamura 8 8 3 19
Hon. Patricio M. Serna 1 1 8 2 12 6 9 7 9 1 56
Hon. Barbara J. Vigil 1 7 3 6 8 5 6 36
Per Curiam 1 4 1 6 3 3 3 1 22

Former Judges

Name Authorships
Hon. Joseph F. Baca, Appointed/elected: 1989-01-01
5
Hon. Richard Bosson, Appointed/elected: 2002-12-01
94
Hon. Edward Chávez, Appointed/elected: 2003-03-10
115
Hon. Gene Edward Franchini, Appointed/elected: 1990-11-01
9
Hon. Dan A. McKinnon, III, Appointed/elected: 1997-04-21
1
Hon. Pamela B. Minzner, Appointed/elected: 1994-11-01
14
Hon. Patricio M. Serna, Appointed/elected: 1996-12-05
56